BRUSSELS (AP) — European Union leaders will look to persuade Turkey’s prime minister at a summit on Monday to slow the flow of migrants traveling to Europe and take back thousands who do not qualify for asylum.
They will also be looking at how to seal the Balkan migrant route and boost aid to Greece in an attempt to restore the unity among the 28 member nations after months of increasing bickering and go-it-alone policies.
At least 18 migrants drowned off the Turkish coast while trying to reach Greece on Sunday, Turkey’s state-run news agency reported, highlighting the urgency of the migrant situation. The coast guard launched a search-and-rescue mission for other migrants believed to be missing from the accident.
Ankara is central to easing Europe’s refugee pressures. More than 2,000 people arrive daily from Turkey to Greece, where many have been stranded as countries on the main migrant route through the Balkans are aiming to stop them moving north.
“The number of illegal entries from Turkey to Greece remains far too high,” summit chairman, EU President Donald Tusk, wrote in an invitation letter to the leaders.
Tusk said that he and Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu “believe that we can reduce the flow through large-scale and rapid return from Greece of all migrants not in need of international protection.”
In the Balkans, Slovenia, Croatia and Hungary – with support from Austria – have encouraged Macedonia to squeeze its border with Greece, allowing only a trickle of people onto its territory.
Tusk wrote that all should work for “an end to the so-called wave-through policy of migrants” meaning they should be stopped and processed as early as possible.
“On Monday, we should all confirm this approach. With that we will close the Western Balkans route,” he wrote without specifying the plan further.
The bloc has offered several sweeteners to get Turkish authorities to crack down on migrant movements. Some 3 billion euros ($3.3 billion) will be made available for Syrian refugees. Turkey’s long-coveted EU membership process is being sped up, as are moves to ease EU visa requirements. Summit meetings like these are also part of the package.
Ahead of the meeting Monday, the EU’s executive Commission trumpeted the availability of tens of millions of euros to help Syrian school children and provide food aid. It said that a new “road map” on visa liberalization for Turkey had also been submitted.
However, Turkey has a huge migrant challenge of its own, as host to more than 2 million people who fled the conflict in Syria, and the returns on the European investments have been limited so far. Many complain that still far too many people cross the Aegean Sea from Turkey to Greece, adding to the 850,000 people who entered Greece that way last year.
The United Nations’ refugee agency called on Friday for 400,000 Syrians in Turkey to be resettled around the world to ease the country’s burden. So far it remains to be seen if any countries are willing to offer their assistance. Only 7,500 people were resettled in 2015.
After regular calls for Ankara to do more, the Commission announced on Tuesday that Greece was finally in the process of returning 308 migrants not in need of international protection to Turkey.
NATO is helping too. A small flotilla of ships is in the Aegean Sea to ease the load on the military-run Turkish coastguard.
The summit, the second of three in Brussels in just over a month, comes just days after a Turkish court ordered the seizure of the opposition Zaman newspaper. The move has heightened fears over deteriorating media freedom in the country and led to calls for action from the international community, but they will most likely be brushed aside at the high-stakes talks.
“In other words, we are accepting a deal to return migrants to a country which imprisons journalists, attacks civil liberties, and with a highly worrying human rights situation,” said Guy Verhofstadt, leader of the ALDE liberal group in the European Parliament on Sunday.
The summit will see fresh appeals for unity and for countries to implement several migrant policy measures they’ve already agreed to.
Many of the preferred destinations for migrants, like Germany and Scandinavia, have reintroduced border controls, threatening the future of the Schengen passport-free area so vital to trade and travel. Croatia signaled Friday that it’s ready to deploy the army.
Ahead of the summit, between 13,000 and 14,000 were camped at the Greek-Macedonia border, clinging to the hope that they might be allowed to move north.
Ravaged by a massive debt crisis, Greece has neither the resources nor the capacity to process and shelter people. Last Wednesday, the European Commission proposed to earmark 700 million euros ($760 million) in humanitarian aid to deal with the refugee crisis in Greece and along the Balkan route.