There are many different types of crimes but, in Sidney and Shelby County the two most reported types of crimes are personal/violent crimes and property crimes.
Personal/violent crimes – “Offenses against the person:” These are crimes that result in physical or mental harm to another person. (Reported 2017, Sidney 75/Shelby County 43 = 118 total)
Personal/violent crimes include:
• Assault – is an intentional act that causes a fear of imminent harmful or offensive touching. An assault can occur even if the contact never occurs. Since the act must be intentional, an accidental action won’t amount to an assault.
• Battery – is an intentional physical contact or offensive touching, where the victim has not given consent to be touched. The physical touching must be offensive to a reasonable person.
• False Imprisonment – act of restraint can be a physical barrier (such as a locked door), the use of physical force to restrain, a failure to release, or an invalid use of legal authority.
• Kidnapping – is the unlawfully seizing and carrying away a person by force or Fraud, or seizing and detaining a person against his or her will with intent to carry that person away at a later time.
• Homicide – is the killing of another human being. The definition of homicide includes intentional killings, such as murder, and non-intentional killings, such as manslaughter. Crimes such as first and second degree murder, involuntary manslaughter, and vehicular homicide.
• Sexual – rape, statutory rape, sexual assault, and other offenses of a sexual nature.
Property crimes – “Offenses against property:” These are crimes that do not necessarily involve harm to another person. Instead, they involve an interference with another person’s right to use or enjoy their property. (Reported 2017, Sidney 1653/Shelby County 263 = 1916 total)
• Larceny – (theft) taking property and carry it away in order to permanently deprive the legal owner of that property.
• Robbery (theft by force) – this is also considered a personal crime since it results in physical and mental harm.
• Burglary – typically requires the unlawful breaking and entering into another person’s home or building for the purpose of committing a criminal offense.
• Motor vehicle theft – the criminal act of stealing or attempting to steal a motor vehicle.
• Arson – defined as the willful and malicious burning or charring of property or structure.
• Embezzlement – is a crime that happens when a person entrusted to handle the finances of another person or business illegally takes the money for their own personal use.
• Forgery – is defined as the creation, alteration, forging, or imitation of any document with the intent to defraud another person. Making a signature without authorization, or causing another person to fraudulently sign a document.
• False pretenses – is a crime where someone lies or makes misrepresentations in order to obtain someone else’s property.
• Receipt of stolen goods – is a crime to purchase or accept property that you know or believe was obtained through theft. Receiving stolen property is a crime in order to deter people from aiding or rewarding thieves by buying stolen property and or concealing stolen property.
Reference: Office of Criminal Justice Services Crime Statistics, Ohio Crime Dashboard/Crime by County 2017 Statistics https://www.ocjs.ohio.gov/crime_stats_reports.stm
Steve Klingler is a Sidney-Shelby Crime Stoppers board member. Crime Stoppers is a diverse group of individuals working with local law enforcement officials to hand out rewards for information.