By The Associated Press



Today is Sunday, Nov. 18, the 322nd day of 2018. There are 43 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Nov. 18, 1978, U.S. Rep. Leo J. Ryan, D-Calif., and four others were killed in Jonestown, Guyana, by members of the Peoples Temple; the killings were followed by a night of mass murder and suicide by more than 900 cult members.

On this date:

In 1883, the United States and Canada adopted a system of Standard Time zones.

In 1916, the World War I Battle of the Somme pitting British and French forces against German troops ended inconclusively after 4 1/2 months of bloodshed.

In 1928, Walt Disney’s first sound-synchronized animated cartoon, “Steamboat Willie” starring Mickey Mouse, premiered in New York.

In 1936, Germany and Italy recognized the Spanish government of Francisco Franco.

In 1959, “Ben-Hur,” the Biblical-era spectacle starring Charlton Heston, had its world premiere in New York.

In 1966, U.S. Roman Catholic bishops issued a Pastoral Statement on Penance and Abstinence, which did away with the rule against eating meat on Fridays outside of Lent.

In 1976, Spain’s parliament approved a bill to establish a democracy after 37 years of dictatorship.

In 1985, the comic strip “Calvin and Hobbes,” created by Bill Watterson, was first published. (The strip ran for 10 years.)

In 1987, the congressional Iran-Contra committees issued their final report, saying President Ronald Reagan bore “ultimate responsibility” for wrongdoing by his aides. A fire at London King’s Cross railway station claimed 31 lives.

In 1991, Shiite (SHEE’-eyet) Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon freed Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland, the American dean of agriculture at the American University of Beirut.

In 2003, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruled 4-to-3 that the state constitution guaranteed gay couples the right to marry.

In 2004, Britain outlawed fox hunting in England and Wales.

Ten years ago: Detroit’s Big Three automakers pleaded with Congress for a $25 billion lifeline, warning of a national economic catastrophe should they collapse. Belgium-based InBev SA formed the world’s largest brewer with its $52 billion takeover of U.S.-based Anheuser-Busch Cos. Inc. Boston’s Dustin Pedroia won the American League MVP award, becoming the first second baseman to earn the honor in nearly a half-century.

Five years ago: Toronto’s city council voted to strip scandal-plagued Mayor Rob Ford of many of his powers following a heated debate in which he knocked over a city councilor. NASA’s robotic explorer, Maven, rocketed toward Mars on a quest to unravel the ancient mystery of the red planet’s radical climate change.

One year ago: Large crowds of demonstrators turned Zimbabwe’s capital into a carnival ground, showing disdain for President Robert Mugabe and urging him to quit immediately; Mugabe was now powerless and had been placed under house arrest by the military command. After heading Northern Ireland’s Sinn Fein party for more than 30 years, Gerry Adams announced that he was stepping down; he’d been known around the world as the face of the Irish republican movement as it shifted from violence to peace.

Today’s Birthdays: Actress Brenda Vaccaro is 79. Author-poet Margaret Atwood is 79. Actress Linda Evans is 76. Actress Susan Sullivan is 76. Country singer Jacky Ward is 72. Actor Jameson Parker is 71. Actress-singer Andrea Marcovicci is 70. Rock musician Herman Rarebell is 69. Singer Graham Parker is 68. Actor Delroy Lindo is 66. Comedian Kevin Nealon is 65. Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterback Warren Moon is 62. Actor Oscar Nunez is 60. Actress Elizabeth Perkins is 58. Singer Kim Wilde is 58. Rock musician Kirk Hammett (Metallica) is 56. Rock singer Tim DeLaughter (dee-LAW’-ter) is 53. Actor Romany Malco is 50. Actor Owen Wilson is 50. Actor Dan Bakkedahl is 50. Singer Duncan Sheik is 49. Actor Mike Epps is 48. Actress Peta Wilson is 48. Actress Chloe Sevigny (SEH’-ven-ee) is 44. Country singer Jessi Alexander is 42. Actor Steven Pasquale is 42. Rock musician Alberto Bof (Lukas Nelson & Promise of the Real) is 41. Rapper Fabolous is 41. Actor-director Nate Parker is 39. Rapper Mike Jones is 38. Actress Mekia Cox is 37. Actress-comedian Nasim Pedrad is 37. Actress Allison Tolman is 37. Actor Damon Wayans Jr. is 36. Country singer TJ Osborne (Brothers Osborne) is 34. Actor Nathan Kress is 26.

Thought for Today: “Your way of giving is more important than what you give.” — Vietnamese proverb.

By The Associated Press